Vol. 77, No. 12, December
Using the Wisconsin Legislature Web Site
The Wisconsin Legislature generates thousands of documents, making it
difficult to comb through every collection point to find needed
information. using the legislature Web site can accelerate and narrow
the search process.
com agannaway lathropclark Amy Gannaway is the firm
librarian at Lathrop & Clark LLP, Madison, and a member of the Law
Librarians Association of Wisconsin.
by Amy Gannaway
During the 2003-2004 biennial session of the Wisconsin Legislature,
998 bills were introduced in the state Assembly. The state Senate added
another 569. While many of these bills never made it out of committee,
the houses passed a combined total of 327 bills that were signed by the
governor, making them law. How do busy legal researchers sift through
all of these documents to find what they need?
Legal researchers are interested not only in the state legislature's
current activities but in its past sessions as well. A bill you thought
was dead in 1999 was resurrected in 2003. How do you compare the 1999
and 2003 versions of the bill?
Suppose you need to know how a particular statute read in 1993. One
way to find out is to locate a print copy of the 1993 statutes and look
it up. But suppose you then would like to quickly see how that statute
has changed since 1993, and you don't have the time to locate the print
copies of the five sets of statutes published since 1993, plus find out
if anything has happened to the statute in the current biennial
You can do all of this and more on the Wisconsin Legislature Web
site, at www.legis.state.wi.us. You can locate copies of bills from the
current and previous sessions. You can look up statutes and find out if
any acts were passed that affected them. In fact, there is so much
information available that using the Web site can seem daunting. This
article will guide you on looking up and tracking legislative,
statutory, and regulatory information, including bills, acts, statutes,
and the Administrative Code, and on using the Wisconsin Legislature Web
Retrieval by Proposal Number
Probably the easiest and fastest thing to do on the Web site is to
find copies of legislative documents. If you know the number of the
proposal that you are interested in, whether it's an act, bill,
resolution, or joint resolution, you can retrieve the proposal directly
from the site's homepage. Use the form on the right-hand side of the
page to search for the proposal you want. Data is available back to
1995. Searching for an act brings up its PDF file, while searching for a
bill, resolution, or joint resolution links you to its history. Texts of
bills and amendments are linked from the history page.
Current and Previous Legislative Sessions
You may not always know if any proposals are pending on your topic of
interest. The site's "Legislative Activity" section, at www.legis.state.wi.us/nav/bienn.htm,
is a good starting point for research on the legislature's current
proposals and activities. (From the legislature homepage, click the
"Legislative Activity" link in the box on the left-hand side of the
page.) Follow the links under the "Bills and Resolutions" heading to
search for bills, acts, and enrolled bills. In addition, check the
Legislative Activity page for the current session calendar, the weekly
committee schedule, and the daily floor calendar for the state Senate
and Assembly. A subject index, prepared by librarians at the Legislative
Reference Bureau, can be used like a print index or searched using a
word or phrase.
To search legislative proposals using a word or phrase, navigate to
the "Folio Search" link at the bottom of the page. The "Folio" search
brings together the searchable databases of the site's different areas
and sections. (More information on how to search Folio is covered in the
sidebar below.) There are databases containing different elements of
legislation from the current biennial session and previous sessions,
including bill histories, bill text, amendments to bills, acts
(including the governor's veto messages), and enrolled bills. Other
databases also are available, such as subject indexes for acts and
legislation, floor calendars, hearing schedules, and committee records.
For the most part, the site covers legislative activities back to 1995,
but there are some exceptions. For example, bill amendment text is
available back to 1997, and enrolled bills are available back to
When you know which proposal you are interested in, you can keep
track of its status using the Wisconsin legislative notification
service, a new service that permits you to easily track legislation by
receiving email updates for specified legislative activities. To open an
account, go to notify.legis.state.wi.us/Home.aspx.
Users may track pending bills by bill number, author, committee, or
subject. When you have set up an account, you will be notified via email
when your specified proposal is acted upon. In addition to tracking
current legislation, this service allows you to track new proposals by
subject. Therefore, even if your initial search turns up empty, you can
use this tracking service to monitor potential new proposals on your
particular topic of interest.
Finding Statutes, Acts, and the Administrative Code
If your research includes examining statutes or regulations, check
out the "Wisconsin Law" page, at www.legis.state.wi.us/nav/wislaw.htm.
(From the legislature homepage, click the "Wisconsin Law" link in the
box on the left-hand side of the page.) This page links you to statutes
and acts, as well as to the Administrative Code and the Administrative
Statutes. Clicking the "Statutes" link takes you to
the statutes page, where you will find both the current statutes and
prior versions of the statutes dating back to 1989. The current versions
of the statutes are updated as bills are passed by the legislature and
signed by the governor, but be sure to take note of the last update. You
can search the current statutes using Folio or browse the table of
contents. Should your research require examining prior versions of a
statute, scroll down to the bottom of the page and choose the
appropriate year. For example, if you need to examine a statute from
1993, click on the 1993-94 Folio button to search that set of statutes.
Another very useful part of the statutes page is the "Sections Affected
by Acts" database, which contains all changes made to a particular
statute during a legislative session and which is searchable back to the
1995 session. You can use the "Sections Affected by Acts" database to
see if the 1993 statute has been changed.
If you learn that your 1993 statute was changed by a more recent act,
and you would like to view the more recent act, navigate back to the
Wisconsin Law page and click on the "Acts" link. PDF copies of Wisconsin
Acts are available from this page dating back to 1969 and are searchable
via Folio back to 1995. You also will find the "Sections Affected by
Acts" database, the governor's veto messages dating back to 1999, and
subject indexes dating back to 1995.
Administrative Code. You may want to check the
Administrative Code for relevant regulatory sections. To shift into
regulatory research, go back to the Wisconsin Law page and click the
"Administrative Code and Register" link to get to the Administrative
Code page. The Administrative Code is updated monthly (just like the
print version). You can browse its table of contents or search it using
Folio. This page also links you to lists of the governor's executive
orders from 1987 to 2004.
If you are interested in prior versions of a particular code section,
you may use Folio to search the Administrative Register (dating back to
1996) and both active and inactive clearinghouse rules. These resources
can give you some history on the regulation or subject that you are
researching. In addition, final rule orders that have been filed with
the revisor of statutes since March 1996 are available in PDF format,
but they are not searchable via Folio, so you must know the correct
clearinghouse rule number to access them. Final rule orders are
clearinghouse rules in their final form. They provide summaries and
analyses and show you what changes were made to regulations.
You also can access electronic copies of clearinghouse rules and the
Administrative Register (back to 1996) via links in the "History Notes."
History notes detail changes to a particular code section and are
published following that section. For code sections published with
Administrative Register number 546 (dated July 1, 2001) and after,
clearinghouse rules are linked directly from the history notes. But for
code sections published before Administrative Register number 546, you
must follow the link in the history notes to the relevant Administrative
Register. From there you can link to a PDF copy of the clearinghouse
rules (some may be unavailable). If you are looking for copies of
pre-1996 code sections, you may request them from the Revisor of
Statutes Bureau. The State Law Library also has print copies of prior
Other Useful Links
If you would like to continue exploring the legislature Web site,
here are some short notes about other sections, as well as other sources
of legislative information:
Senate and Assembly: www.legis.state.wi.us/nav/sen.htm
Provides links to Assembly and Senate homepages, the official and
personal Web pages for individual representatives and senators, email
directories, committee information, and live audio and video of the
Senate and Assembly (when in session).
Joint Committees: www.legis.state.wi.us/nav/jnt.htm.
Lists all joint committees of the legislature and provides links to
joint committee Web sites, including the Joint Committee for Review of
Administrative Rules, Joint Committee on Audit, Joint Committee on
Finance, and Joint Legislative Council.
Service Agencies: www.legis.state.wi.us/nav/legserv.htm.
Provides links to Web pages for the legislature's nonpartisan service
agencies, including the Legislative Fiscal Bureau, Legislative Reference
Bureau, Legislative Technology Services Bureau, and Revisor of Statutes
Wisconsin Blue Book: www.legis.state.wi.us/nav/bb.htm.
The Blue Book provides a great deal of information about Wisconsin,
including biographies of elected officials; maps of Senate and Assembly
districts; information on the legislative, executive, and judicial
branches of government; and statistics. The current edition and the
previous three editions are available online.
Other Information: www.legis.state.wi.us/nav/info.htm.
Provides some miscellaneous and statistical information, such as
redistricting and 2000 census information, election statistics, a
glossary, lobbyists, and links to other legislative sites.
The Wheeler Report: www.thewheelerreport.com.
Independent Web site that provides alternative access to some of the
resources discussed in this article.
The complex business of the Wisconsin Legislature generates many
documents, and it is difficult to comb through everything to find needed
information. Using the legislature Web site can make that process
faster. It may take a little time to become familiar with the Web site,
but the investment is worth it.